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  • Juventus home kit 2019/20

    New Juventus home kit for the season 19/20 has launched!

    The kit breaks with tradition since it is two split rather than a striped design.

    Juve home kit 19/20

    The printing is white on a black background.

    Juventus home jersey

    There is a pink stripe going down the middle between the two halves.

    The very first kit Juventus sported more than 100 years back was pink. Thus even though the club is by now famous for the zebra themed black and white stripes there is a also pink tradition buried deep down.

  • Chelsea home kit 19/20

    New Chelsea home kit for the season 19/20 has now been released.

    The kit features a blue jersey with a black pattern which may resemble steel beams from their stadium or abstract art.

    Chelsea home kit 19/20

    The full kit comes with blue jersey (pattern engraved) blue shorts and white socks.

    Chelsea soccer kit 19/20

  • Dortmund home jersey 2019/20

    New Dortmund home kit for the season 19/20 has been released!

    Dortmund home kit 19/20

    The kit is a fairly conservative design with the typical yellow theme with black contrast.

    Dortmund home kit stadium

    The printing is black, the Bundesliga goes to the right arm sleeve while the Opel logo go to the left arm sleeve.

  • Liverpool in Nike come the season 2020/21 ?

    The latest rumors from the rumour mill indicate that Liverpool may sign the largest kit deal in Premier League history:

    Click here to read the details from footyheadlines.com 

    The new kit deal is said to he with Nike and is supposedly going to surpass the 75£m which Adidas is currently paying Man Utd  a season.

    Liverpool Nike home shirt 20/21

    New Balance has the right to match any offer as part of their current contract which pays Liverpool 40m£ a year. But will they be willing to double that amount . . . ??

  • Most popular clubs in Spain

    According to a survey back in 2017 these are the most popular football clubs in Spain among Spaniards:

    Click here to read the original article from Marca!

    So which is the most popular club in Spain , Madrid or Barcelona ??

    In fact Real Madrid comes out on top with 32.4% of the fans supporting los Blancos.

    Most popular club in Spain

    Barca comes second with 24.7%

    Atletico Madrid is no surprise third with 7.6% of the people having been asked declaring themselves as colchoneros / roji blancos.

    Valencia CF comes in fourth with 4.1 % of the people in Spain supporting the club from Valencia.

    Fifth and we have to go north: Athletic Bilbao  ,  from the Basque Country , and they are supported by roughly 3.9% of the population in Spain.

  • Wine from Krim | Crimean wine and champagne

    Russian / Ukrainian territory Crimea has long produced excellent wines and champagnes.

    ''Massandra''

    www.massandra.co.uk

    The Massandra Winery is a winery in the Republic of Crimea.

    Massandra Collection is one of the largest and truly unique collections of fine and rare wines in the world, estimated at over 1 million bottles, of various types and vintages which are recorded into the Guinness Book of Records. Massandra Collection comprises samples of every Massandra vintage, as well as some magnificent European wines from the personal collection of Prince Golitzin including some extremely rare bottles incorporating the Tsar's personal seal.

    Massandra Imperial Estate is known for its well recognized excellent table wines. Massandra best known table wine is Alushta dry red wine. Other famous Massandra table wines are Cabernet, Sauvignon and Saperavi.

    Massandra presents a great variety of dessert wines, including those from its wonderful collection. Muscat wines make a considerable number of this variety. A deep Muscat aroma, distinctive of this grape variety, makes the wine fabulous.

    This wine type was referred as Port wine since the foundation of Massandra Winery due to special wine making technology. Red Stone White Muscat, Livadia White Muscat and Ai-Danil Pinot Gris are among the most famous of this range.

    Noviy Svet

    www.nsvet-crimea.ru

    Noviy Svet is a beautiful secluded bay in the Eastern part of Crime. Novyi Svet sparkling wines are made by the traditional champagne method hand riddled by one person and bottle fermented for three years. Each coup-age is produced solely from each particular year’s harvest.

    Noviy Svet is using the best wine materials from the Sevastopol zone of the Piedmont Crimea. Afterwards,  they go through a full cycle of technological processing: filtration, clarification and blending. Each bottle is in the basement for at least 3 years, at a temperature not higher than 12 degrees. The process of champagne making is very detailed and long in order for you to enjoy the excellent and real champagne - ''Noviy Svet''!

    Inkerman Winery

    www.inkerman.ru

    Inkerman Winery was founded in 1961 on the basis of carving limestone mines in closed method in Sevastopol. As a result of cutting out of stone in the mountains tunnels at a depth of 5-30 meters were formed. This makes it possible to have a constant temperature of 12 to 15 degrees and the humidity level is ideal for aging wine.

    Inkerman Winery is one of the largest classical winemaking enterprises of the Crimea. Gold fund of Inkerman basements is oak container. At the plant 700 casks and 700 barrels for aging wine are located. Wine goes through complex physical and chemical processes during aging in oak barrels. It takes a noble tone of exposure. The whole period of time when the wine is at the stage of aging, plant specialists constantly monitor the state of wine. It is practically the only production that has a full range of table wines of the vintage European and local grape varieties available.

    Alma Valley

    www.alma-valley.ru/en/

    Alma Valley is modern full-cycle winery located on the Crimean peninsula. The idea of the Alma Valley winery project was born in the first decade of this century, when privatization of agricultural land began in Crimea. One of the most promising parcels for new vineyards was found in the Western-Foothills region of Crimea, in the valley of the Alma River. This valley was historically known as a good location for grape growing, as the land of the ancient Scythians, and as the site of the Battle of the Alma in 1854 — a key battle in the 1853-1856 Crimean War.

    Alma Valley works on the principle of a gravitational winery. Swiss architects were engaged in its design. In addition to modern equipment, laboratories and the tasting room, a new system of drip irrigation of vineyards (which delivers water directly to each plant) and classical music playing in the wine aging zone 24 hours a day.

    Wine types: Ex Cellar, Base level, Special Cuvees, Upper line, Reserve wines, Ice wine, TBA, New Jerusalem.

    Zolotaya Balka

    www.zolotaiabalka.com

    Zolotaya Balka winery is situated 3km away to the North-West of Balaklava town. The history of the production started here in 1889 when Alexander Vitmer founded in Balaklava a winery. Today «Zolotaya Balka» has almost 3 000 hectares of vines and numerous buildings for blending, aging and bottling. The brand is an international awards winner for best Brut wines and best dry wines.

    The wine is produced only from own grapes of the winery. First, sparkling wines was produced, and now the winery added sparkling wine collection as well. Today, Zolotaya Balka winery is using newest equipment from Italy and Bulgaria.

    UPPA Winery

    www.uppawinery.ru

    UPPA is a Crimean winery founded by an award-winning sommelier Pavel Shvets in 2008. It became one of the first Russian wineries that started to produce biodynamic wine. Shaped by the unique character of Sevastopol terroir this wine clearly stands out among the others. Pavel’s vineyards are maintained in harmony with the surrounding nature.

    UPPA Winery has only 10 hectares of vineyards, and the annual production of about 50,000 bottles. They grow 12 grape varieties and create more than 20 different wines. However, with a small volume of production, UPPA Winery's wines are represented in almost all the best restaurants in the country and are highly valued by leading world experts and sommeliers.

    Petrovskikh Estate

    www.perovskywinery.ru

    Perovskikh Estate Winery is located in the valley of the Belbek River in a picturesque area of Sevastopol in the village of Lyubimovka.

    The total area of vineyards at the moment is 240 hectares. The age of old vineyards is 17-25 years old. Each year, about 10-30 hectares of planting are created.

    Red grape varieties grown: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Cabernet Franc.
    White: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling.

    Sun Valley

    www.sunvalley1888.ru

    Sun Valley - a winery in the Crimea (the village of Sunny Valley, Sudak), producing sweet, strong and dry wines. The company cultivates more than 40 grape varieties on more than 400 hectares.

    Sun Valley is using modern equipment from Italy. Wine is aging both in Russian and French oak barrels.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Vinnyy Dom Fotisal

    www.fotisal.ru

    Vinnyy Dom Fotistal Winery is located in Bahchisarayskiy reggion, Crimea republic. They are one of the leading wine and cognac producers. The winery is producing the best quality, many different types of wine. The maximum produced bottles a month was 7 000 000.

    Vinnyy Dom Fotisal is using equipment of the French company Technibag, Bulgarian VELO, Italian I.B.T. etc.

    Esse Winery

    www.essewine.com

    Esse Winery has 49 hectares of vineyards, which are located about 300 meters at a level of the sea. 17 grape varieties are grown. Red grape type: Cabernet Sauvignon, Caberne Franc, Merlot, PTI Verdo, Pino Noir, Sira etc. White grape type: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Chenin Blanc etc.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Koktebel Winery

    www.vinokoktebel.ru

    Koktebel Winery is located on the Black Sea coast, 20 km south-west of Theodosia on the coast of Koktebel Bay. It lies to the northeast of the foot of the volcanic massif Kara-Dag. Koktebel Winery is famous for its unique wines and cognacs. Their uniqueness depends on the micro-climate and the soil where the grapes grow. There are 30 types of grapes growing on the vineyards.

    Oleg Repin's Winery

    http://thewinery.ru/winery_oleg_repin.php

    In 2011, in Sevastopol region Oleg Repin planted 2 hectares of vineyards - Cabernet Sougvignon and Shiraz. Afterwards, grape types Pinot Noir, Riesling and Saperavii were also grown after a shot period of time. The vineyards are located in the Belbek river alley.

  • Russian Cognac from Stavropol Region

    Stavropol Region Wines

    The northern route of the Silk Road crossed Stavropol region long before it joined Russia's frontier at the foot of the Caucasus mountains.

    In contrast with the greener lands of Krasnodar to the west, Stavropol is a vast open land, dryer and cooler than its neighbor. The farming season opens as early as March.

    Praskoveya Winery 

    www.praskoveya.ru

    Praskoveya Winery was originally founded in 1898. It is located near the city of Budyonnovsk in the north Caucasus Stavropol region. For 120 years of existence, Praskoveya Winery became an international company with wide product assortment.

    The Praskoveisky brand unites a group of companies located in Russia and Europe (France, Bulgaria) and engaged in the production of high-quality alcoholic beverages. The range of products has more than 40 items. All enterprises are characterized by the presence of modern plants and their own vineyards, the total area of which today exceeds 450 hectares.

    Vintage, dry, sparkling and sparkling wines, noble cognacs produced here have found their buyers far beyond the borders of the Stavropol Territory.The climate, generous land on which grapes are grown, the age-old traditions of wine-making, progressive technologies and creative discoveries of the masters brought world-famous products.  The newest technologies and equipment from Italy, Germany, France and other countries are used.

    The main grape varieties are Saperavi, Cabernet, Rkatsiteli, Amur, Levokumsky, Moldova.

  • Russian Wines from Rostov Region

    Rostov Region Wines

    The Don river creates a fertile valley for Russia's agriculturally rich Rostov region. There are two wineries in the region that produce modern wines from local grapes, principally the indigenous Tsimlyansky Black.

    Vedernikov Winery

    www.vedernikovwine.ru

    Vedernikov Winery is a 150 kilometer drive east of the Rostov-on-Don airport through the Don river valley.

    Todays's Vedernikov Winery began as state vineyard farm Vedernikov which cultivated local grape varieties including Krasnostop Zolotovsky, Tsimlyansky Black and Sibirkovy. Vedernikov and its vineyards are located on the right bank near the Don river at the edge of the Don steppe.

    The winery has about 200 hectares of vineyards with European varieties Cabernet and Aligote and numerous regional grapes that were mentioned above. Other regional grapes include Citron Magaracha, Gubernatorskoye and Praberezhnoye.

    According to the winery, vines are trimmed back to provide yields of 3.5 to 4 tons per hectare. Grapes are hand picked into small boxes for delivery to hand sorting tables. Four wines are aged in French oak barrels.

    Elbuzd Winery

    www.elbuzdwine.ru

    The vineyards of the Don winery Elbuzd are located in the Azov district of the Rostov region, near the village of Elbuzd and the river of the same name.

    The area of the winery "Elbuzd" is about 70 hectares. Grape varieties are: Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Riesling and Gewurztraminer.

    VinaBani Winery

    www.vinabani.ru

    Family winery that produces wines from 100% own grapes that was established in 1977. After grapes were picked, they are processing into wine within 4-6 hours. The vineyards are in the ecological zone.

    Villa Zvezda Winery

    www.villa-zvezda.ru

    Villa Zvezda is the new generation winery, that was established in 2013. The grapes are hand picked, which implements a healthy product and improving the quality of wine.

    The total area of vineyards is 100 hectares. The wine is aged both in steel containers and French oak barrels. Grape varieties Krasnostop Zolotovsky, Tsimlyansky black, Kumshat, Siberia,Mushket, Cabernet Merlot, Pinot noir, Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc.

    Dacha Serduika

    https://www.instagram.com/winadona/?utm_source=ig_profile_share&igshid=1utkqmx4iwe8f

    Dacha Serdiuka - private winery that is located on Don.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Usadba Sarkel

    https://www.instagram.com/usadbasarkel/?utm_source=ig_profile_share&igshid=1ugyqvo8je535

    Usadba Sakrel is located in Rostov region. The winery is also producing different kind of cheese. The winery is 13 hectares large, it is small and private, which brings the cozy atmosphere. Besides the European grape varieties, Usadba Sakrel are growing local grapes like: Krasnostop Zolotovsky, Sibirkovy, Puhlyakovsky, Saperavi North.

  • Map of Russian Wine District in Kuban

    Like in France Russia has a few different regions where the vast majority of the wine production takes place. Mainly in Kuban (Krasnodar Krai), and Krim, secondarily in Rostov and Stavropol.

    Here we will try to describe the different sub-regions which are to found in the Kuban Krasnodar region.

    Russian wine map KrasnodarAnapa Riviera

    OOO ''Chateau'' Gai-Godzor

    www.gai-kodzor.ru

    A small private farm "Gai Kodzor Vineyards" is located 5 km from the Black Sea, near the resort city of Anapa, near the village of Gai Kodzor. The vineyards are growing on an area of 70 hectares and located at the beginning of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains (the Semisamsky Range) 300-320 meters above sea level.

    OOO '' Kantina''

    www.cantinaazov.business.site

    Winery Cantina - a family business, part of the production capacity of which is located in the village. Gai-Kodzor near Anapa, and plantations in the Anapa and Azov districts of the neighboring territorial subjects of the Russian Federation. The plant is known for high-quality dessert and dry wines: Pinot Grigio, Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Petit Verdot.

    OOO ''The Old Greek Winery''

    www.facebook.com/theOldGreekWinery

    The "Old Greek Winery" has its own vineyards. The grape varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Riesling and Magaracha. Excellent original wines are born: "Riesling Vityazevo", "Riesling Enoy", "Cabernet-Sauvignon Vityazevo", "Cabernet-Sauvignon Pontic", "Merlot Tsalkinskoe". All wine-making processes from planting vines to bottling are carried out under the personal supervision of a winemaker. The wine is made in two ways: traditional, keeping wine in oak barrels and the second method which is the modern one, it is based on the rule "prepare the material, put it in a neutral container, and the wine will" make itself ".

    Wine Foothill (Krymskiy District)

    OOO ''Krymskiy Vinny Zavod''

    www.kvz1926.ru

    Having received the official status of experimental production back in 1965, winery in Krymsk remains one of the leading legislators of wine-making innovations in the Kuban region today. Ripe grapes are carefully and manually harvested at their own land and processed as quickly as possible at the primary processing point. Then quiet and sparkling wines are produced according to the traditional technology of natural wine production.

    OOO ''Lefkadia''

    www.lefikadia.com

    Lefkadia winery was established in 2006 in the territory of Moldavanskoe village of Krymsk area in Krasnodar Krai. This project is truly unique, it combines the incredible nature of Kuban, the inimitable terroir, innovative technologies and, first of all, outstanding professionals united and inspired by common ideas.

    OOO AF ''Sauk-Dere''

    www.saukdere.ru

    In the collection of the legendary wines «Sauk-Dere» there is a variant for every taste. Varietal and blend, white and red, semisweet and dry — all of them are created in the «Sauk-Dere» own factory from Russian grapes. Another feature is the famous cellars, in which the optimal temperature for storage is maintained throughout the year.

    OOO ''Gunke Winery''

    www.russianvine.ru/vinodelnia-gunko

    The first vineyards were laid in 2015. Grades and rootstocks are selected strictly in accordance with the characteristics of the terroir. In 2018, another 2 hectares of vineyard was planted.

    White varieties: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling

    Red varieties:Merlot, Malbec, Saperavi

    OAO ''Avrora''

    http://www.grandvostock.ru/

    The Chateau was created on the lands of OAO Aurora in the south of the Krasnodar Territory. 250 hectares are occupied by mature vineyards, and in 2009, a young vine from the French nurseries of the Mercier brothers was planted on an area of 120 hectares. The vine is taken care of all year round, the berries are harvested by hand.

    Abrau-Dyurso - Legends and Traditions

    ZLO ''Abrau-Dyurso''

    www.abraudurso.ru/en/

    The winery was established in 1870 by Alexander II. Its  produces and sells sparkling wines. Abrau-Durso is described as owning one of the best wine regions in Russia.

    Novorosysky Enotur

    OOO ''Firma Somelie''

    www.villa-victoria.ru

    OOO ''Myskhako''

    www.myskhako.ru

    "Myskhako" carefully keeps traditions, passing the secrets of wine-making from generation to generation. The highest quality wine remains the main principle in the work. Each stage of production, which passes the product from the ripening of the vine to bottling and aging, is strictly controlled. Only the best wine comes to you.

    Taman Terroir, 1st route

    OOO Kon'yachniyy Zavod ''Temryuk''

    www.konyak-temruk.ru

    Grape varieties used in production: Bianca, Dunavski Lazur, Magaracha Firstborn, Rubin Golodrigi, Nadezhda Azos, Moldova, Izabella.

    Berry picking begins in August and lasts until September or October, depending on the yield in the current year. Grapes require careful treatment when growing and harvesting. Therefore, at the company Temryuk Cognac Plant, the crop is harvested only by hand, without the use of special devices and mechanisms.

    The harvest amounts to more than 3000 tons per season, all the harvested grapes are used for their own production. In the assembly takes part from 30 to 70 people, depending on the volume of the grown crop. In the production process involved at least 80 people. For the preparation and processing of vineyards, the company has created its own tractor park.

    OOO ''Kuban-Vino''

    www.kuban-vino.ru

    Kuban-Vino is one of Russia's largest wineries for the production of still and sparkling grape wines under the trademarks Chateau Tamagne, Aristov, Vysokiy Bereg and Kuban-Vino. Today, “Kuban-Vino” is 3 of its own plants and 59.9 million bottles of wine a year.

    OOO ''Villa Romanov''

    The winery "Villa Romanov" is situated in the south of Russia, 100 meters from the coast of Azov sea at the foothill of the blue clay volcano. 231 hectares of vineyards and 7 grape cultivars allow the winery to produce about 2 million bottles of still wines and sparkling wines by method champenoise.  Unique terroir registered as "Golubitskaya Strelka" - meaning narrow part of land between two waters - Azov Sea and Akhtanizovskiy liman were the winery and it's vineyards are situated. 

    OAO APF ''Fanagoria''

    www.fanagoria.ru

    Today Fanagoria ranks high among Russian biggest wine-making companies, over 2,300 hectares of sought-after vineyards that prove the high quality of our wines. Fanagoria covers a full wine-making production cycle: from vine nursing up to the sales of its highly sought-after wines. The main production figures are growing, both qualitatively and quantitatively. So, in 2009 25,000 tons of grapes were processed over, and produced more than 20 million liters of wine. The Company’s share in the national wine market equals to 4%. Today Fanagoria wine trademark is delivered to most Russian regions and abroad.

    Taman Terroir, 2nd route

    OOO ''Kuban-Vino''

    www.kuban-vino.ru

    Kuban-Vino is one of Russia's largest wineries for the production of still and sparkling grape wines under the trademarks Chateau Tamagne, ARISTOV, Vysokiy Bereg and Kuban-Vino. Today, “Kuban-Vino” is 3 of its own plants, 59.9 million bottles of wine a year and unprecedented scales, even for European wine making.

    OOO AO MPBK ''Ochakovo''

    www.ochakovo.ru/wine

    19,000 hectares (47,000 acres) of crop fields and vineyards. We grow our own malting grains and wine grapes. Secure access to high-grade ingredients gives our consumers consistent quality of beverages.

    Our “Southern Wine Company” makes wine serious from its own grapes. Production and cultivation of vineyards are located in the Taman peninsula, where the sun shines 280 days a year, and the berries have time to accumulate a lot of sugar, acids and oak substances.

    OOO ''Millstream''  - Black Sea wines

    www.millstream-wines.ru

    About 1000 hectares of vineyards, mainly Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Sauvignon Blanc, Nutmeg, Aligote and Saperavi. One of the largest enterprises of Taman.

    OOO ''Kuban-Vino''

    www.kuban-vino.ru

    Kuban-Vino is one of Russia's largest wineries for the production of still and sparkling grape wines under the trademarks Chateau Tamagne, ARISTOV, Vysokiy Bereg and Kuban-Vino. Today, “Kuban-Vino” is 3 of its own plants, 59.9 million bottles of wine a year and unprecedented scales, even for European wine making.

    Gelendzhik

    ZAO APK ''Gelendzhik''

    www.gelvino.ru

    The assortment of the company consists of excellent varietal collections of dry, semi-dry and semi-sweet grape wines. In the production process, cooking technologies are used, both pledged since the founding of the plant, and using the latest production methods, which have been awarded with numerous awards and grand Prix.

    Cantina Azov Winery

    https://www.instagram.com/cantinaazov/?utm_source=ig_profile_share&igshid=zkbxd7qrelh2

    Cantina Azov is a family winery that is located in Gai-Dodzor near Anapa. The winery is famous for producing desert and dry wines: Pinot Grigio, Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Petit Verdot.

  • The Case for a New Aarhus Airport

    The Case for a new Aarhus Airport

    Den amerikanske økonom Murray Rothbard skrev en berømt bog med titlen ”the Case Against the Fed” hvor han på systematisk gennemgår pengeskabelsen i USA og den rolle the Federal Reserve indtager efter indstiftelsen i 1913. Som man kan udlede udaf titlen er konklusionen på analysen den at der er stærke argumenter imod den måde the Fed har udviklet sig på, der ligger langt fra det oprindelige charter.

    Tilsvarende kan man bygge en sag op For at Aarhus bør have en ny lufthavn. Desværre er hele processen som den er beskrevet på kommunens hjemmeside meget omvendt.

    Supplerende analyse af en evt. ny Aarhus Lufthavn ved Thomasminde

    Man starter med at forholde sig til hvilke regler, regulativer, forordninger der findes på området og ikke med at præsentere en business case for betydningen af en ny lufthavn. Problemet dermed er at de to ikke er uafhængige specielt de økonomiske antagelser kommer til at se meget forskellige ud alt efter hvordan en business case er opbygget.

    https://aarhus.dk/demokrati/politik/dagsordner-og-referater/vis-dagsorden/v/16009/Aarhus-Byrad/Referat/2016-09-28/?agendaId=254452#1

    At EU Kommissionen skal blande sig i lufthavnsbyggeri i medlemslandene er noget overraskende men specielt at hele argumentationen imod en Aarhus Lufthavn er koncentreret om excess capacity i andre lufthavne kan virke overraskende. Et marked med fri konkurrence og med dynamik i forhold til efterspørgsel og konjunkturer må påregne sving i kapacitetsudnyttelse. At man skal have et overordnet synspunkt der minder meget om planøkonomisk tankegang hvor det gælder om at sørge for at undgå overkapacitet og dermed konkurrence på et givet marked virker besynderligt. Stort set alle infrastruktur projekter har et element af offentlig midler hvilket er logisk nok i forhold til at der er nogle positive externaliteter men ønsker at tilgodese. Ejerkredsen omkring Billund og Aalborg og Karup er således stort ser udelukkende baseret på lokale kommuner. Disse kommuner betaler således med offentlige midler for at opbygge infrastruktur og dermed må man ikke konkurrere hermed ? Projekter der indeholder offentlige kroner så som en forbindelse ved Femern må godt konkurrere med private leverandører af transport så som færgeselskaber, men så snart der er tale om offentligt ejede lufthavne må man ikke ?

    Aarhus Airport CEO

    Det virker absurd. Det bedste produkt, den bedste service ydelse bør vinde, også selvom det betyder tab af markedsandele for konkurrerende aktører i markedet. En økonomi uden churn er et fossilt og fastfrosset legeme der over tid vil miste den dynamik der udgør liv.

    Den store fordel ved at bygge en ny lufthavn i det 21 århundrede er at man inkorporere alle de udviklinger der er set i løbet af de seneste 50 år hvor den kommercielle luftfart har udviklet sig hastigt. Der er ingen legacy at tage hensyn til, man har en tabula rasa og dermed mulighed for at skabe en tidssvarende og fremtidsorienteret løsning.

    Sjovt nok beskæftiger de analyser der er lavet sig udelukkende med almindelig passager trafik. I den sammenhæng mangler der således den væsentlige dimension der hedder cargo såvel som UAVs og privat jets. Der mangler også en analyse af forskellige forretningsmodeller som lufthavne opererer med. F.eks. som base og/eller hub for luftfartsselskaber eller blot som noder i et netværk. Her antages det implicit at en ny Aarhus Lufthavn udelukkende kommer til at tjene som en node med få ruter og passagertal udfra lokalt befolkningsgrundlag. Det næste man kunne kigge på er hvorvidt en ny lufthavn kan bringe fordele til andre dele af infrastrukturen såsom havn, bus eller tog.

    Interkontinentale Ruter

    Der findes 2 ruter mellem Asien og Europa. Den øvre over Rusland og den nedre over den Arabiske Golf. Helsinki og Moskva forsøger at etablere sig som hubs på den øvre rute mens Istanbul og Dubai satser på at blive de førende på den nedre rute. Disse byer tjener som hubs for disse landes respektive nationale luftfartsselskaber såsom Finnair, Aeroflot, Turkish Airlines, Emirates. Disse får som regel særlige privilegier og fordele i forbindelse med tildeling af slots og adgang til terminaler. Dette vanskeliggør mulighederne for andre luftfartsselskaber i forhold til betjene markederne uden for eget land og især kontinent.

    Til gengæld er det at blive gjort til hub for et luftfartsselskab en guldgrube for en lufthavn. SAS er således blevet holdt oven vande af den danske stat (endnu en bail out af too important to fail firmaer) ikke for at redde luftfartsdelen men for at redde Københavns lufthavn.

    Hvis man derfor ønsker at skabe trafik og dermed indtægter for lufthavnen kunne man tilbyde en kinesisk airline at komme ind i en ny Aarhus Lufthavn med henblik på at bruge denne lufthavn som hub for trafik til Europa.

    Globale Trends

    Mens Danmark i mange år har kalibreret en eksport maskine ja så er faktum den dag i dag at den interne vækst + samt den del af eksporten der udgår fra Danmark er begrænset og med meget lav vækst. Derfor må man i højere grad se sig om efter udenlandske investeringer i brancher eller geografier der kan være interessant set fra udenlandske virksomheders perspektiv.

    Cargo

    E45 er den suverænt væsentligste trafikåre i Jylland. Mange logistik virksomheder har lager eller terminal langs den hovedfærdselsåre. Med en placering tæt på E45 og krydset mellem nord – syd og øst – vest gående motorveje vil en sådan placering også være interessant for de store logistik firmaer. En ny Aarhus Lufthavn behøver således ikke være baseret udelukkende på passagertrafik man kan også sagtens betjene fragtfly.

    UAVs

    Meget snak om droner men meget lidt praktisk anvendelse indtil videre. I høj grad er dette et regulatorisk spørgsmål. Der er imidlertid et stort potentiale på sigt hvis de regulatoriske problemer kan løses. Man kan pt. ikke flyve med droner i nærheden af menneskelig bebyggelse hvilket indskrænker anvendelsen ret kraftigt. I Aarhus tilfælde er dette imidlertid ikke så skidt fordi man er beliggende omkring en bugt og sågar med yderligere øer med Samsø og Tunø. Det vil derfor være logisk at forsøge at oprette drone korridorer udfra den nye lufthavn der kan beflyve både Mols og de nærliggende øer. Hvis man som et af de første steder i verden får dronebaseret persontransport vil man kunne opnå en Bilbao effekt og desuden i højere fra binde Mols sammen med Aarhus metro area. I det klassiske Bay Area omkring SF har man 2 broer + færger men muligvis kan man komme uden om disse store investeringer med droner i stedet. Prisen vil helt sikkert falde markant over tid både mht. pris på udstyr og pris på drift.

    Heliport

    I forlængelse af UAVs har man så helikopteren der i et vist omfang er substitut hvor den store forskel er at dronen er styret fra jorden mens helikopteren har en pilot og eventuelt mandskab ombord. Men i forhold til både at drive redningshelikopter og hospitalshelikopter vil en ny lufthavn ved E45 have en glimrende placering til at kunne dække Midtjylland med hurtig ankomst.

    Charter

    Charter trafik kan fint passes ind i og med at charter fly for hvem prisen er en afgørende parameter kan få tildelt flytider om natten eller på andre tidspunkter hvor der ikke er megen trafik i lufthavnen.

    Privet Jets

    Da prisen på mindre fly er faldet markant over tid er private jets eller taxi fly blevet mere populære. Med øget sikkerscreening i lufthavne er den hurtige turn-around tid i lufthavne også blevet et væsentligt aktiv. Hvis man designer en lufthavn from scratch med henblik på et være funktionsdygtig også i fremtiden vil det være naturligt også at inkorporere flyvninger med private jets i designet fra start.

    Indenrigstrafik

    Hvis man kigger på konfigurationen af trafik fra Aalborg Lufthavn er der en langt større del både relativt og absolut end fra Billund og Aarhus. Hvorfor ? Jo det er fordi at lufthavne ikke blot ligger i konkurrence med hinanden men også med andre transportformer så som tog, bus og bil. Aalborg Lufthavn leverer derfor en rute til København der er attraktiv i forhold til alternativerne både mht. tid og pris og iforhold til København og vidererejse ud i verden. Gratis parkering og en bynær placering hjælper både i forhold til tids og økonomi parameteren. Hvis man kigger på tyske indenrigsruter kan man også se at der er en enorm trafik fra Hamburg til München, fra Berlin til hele Vesttyskland altså vinder fly på længere strækninger mens landtrafik vinder på kortere distancer f.eks. Hamburg til Berlin. Imidlertid er ligningen som man ser med Aalborg afhængig af mange forskellige parametre. En special indgang til terminal i Aarhus med lynhurtig screening, kun håndbagage og tæt på gratis P-pladser ville hurtigt kunne vise sig langt mere attraktiv end alternativet med en lang togrejse. Både iforhold til den anseelige trafik mellem lands to største byer såvel som for de der skal til CPH København’s lufthavn.

    Hub

    Luftfart er baseret på hub and spoke eller point to point flights. De fleste såkaldte legacy carriers benytter sig ligesom logistik firmaer af hub and spoke princippet. Ryanair og andre budget carriers bruger primært punkt til punkt flyvninger men samler trods alt disse i baser.

    Base

    Hvis man vil have en attraktiv og økonomisk succesfuld lufthavn kan man forsøge at tiltrække en low cost carrier airline til at oprette en base med mange direkte ruter fra en given lufthavn.

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